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Urban agriculture

Urban agriculture, urban farming, or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city. The concepts in UA and the associated facilities have received significant attention and popularity in the last 8 years, and are growing to meet the needs of the ever-developing urban life . According to Shamshiri et al. (2018), “a variety of systems may fall under UA concept in different scale and possession, ranging from a personal or local community gardens for social and self-sufficiency purposes, to complicated systems which involve indoor food production with the help of artificial light or inside factories that are capable of controlling the climate to produce sensitive plants. Since UA is mostly practiced indoors, it is also referred as vertical farming (VF), integrated farming inside buildings, and Z-farming (which stands for ZeroAcreageFarming)”. Urban agriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, agroforestry, urban beekeeping, and horticulture. These activities occur in peri-urban areas as well, and peri-urban agriculture may have different characteristics.

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Rising population numbers, migration to urban centers, and environmental degradation call for a new look on agriculture, particularly urban agriculture. This great video presents Dr. Dickson Despommier, director of the Vertical Farm Projects, and his innovative solution to feeding the world.

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