Visual Encyclopedia

Syria

Syria (Arabic: سورياSūriyā), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السوريةal-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. The western two-thirds of Syria's Golan Heights are since 1967 occupied by Israel and were in 1981 effectively annexed by Israel,

Syria's capital and largest city is Damascus. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turks. Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma'ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews. Sunni make up the largest religious group in Syria.

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Why this flag?

Did you know that the flag above was used during the French Mandate for Syria? The flag symbolizes a somber period in the early 20th Century.

Contributed by Yahya Yaziji

How old is it?

Shmemis Castle is one of the oldest historical cites in Syria. It is located in the center of Syria and was first built in 1 BC by the Royal family of Emesa. The Castle's location is of high importance, it over looks land as far as 50 km away. The Shmemis Castle sits on a towering extinct volcano, which gives the castle is fearless character.

Contributed by Yahya Yaziji

For those of us less knowledgeable on the topic of foreign affairs, this video attempts to explain Syria's situation of five short minutes.

Contributed by Abigail Sisti

Really informative article on how Russia views the talks between the U.S. and Syria.

Contributed by Dillon Zinn

This website updates links to news articles pertaining to the Syrian conflict every few minutes from various sources.

Contributed by Naomi Kline

Map of Syria

Contributed by Sammy Mehtar

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