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Renaissance

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Hunters in the Snow by Pieter Bruegel

Contributed by Jeana Logue

This Renaissance was much more focused on the "real life" and the poor peasants. As a result, it was also much less religious. The famous artist for painting the real life include Van Eyke, Durer, and Bruegel. A type of art that they used included the "engraving" and oil. Source: Spanish Humanities Class

Contributed by Jeana Logue

Michelangelo's famous Sistine Chapel

Contributed by Jeana Logue

In art, the most common subjects to paint were just people, people to be used in portraits. However these subjects became less religious, such as less Jesus and Pope. Elements that arose included chiaroscuro - or the differences in light and dark - and perspective. Da Vinci's Mona Lisa was the first example with 'perspective'. The type of medium used to paint was mainly oil. And lastly, the most pronounced artists of the Italian Renaissance included Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, Da Vinci, and Botticelli. Source: Spanish Humanities Class

Contributed by Jeana Logue

The music remained VOCAL based and became more polyphonic instead of the earlier monophonic. Additionally the music was religious during the beginning of the period, but towards the end when madrigals came along the music became less religious. The types of music included masses, madrigals, motets, and chants. Famous composers of this time included Josquin and Tallis. Source: Spanish Humanities class

Contributed by Jeana Logue

Thanks to the Renaissance, views of death and graveyards radically changed. Death was no longer a scary experience, but natural and actually quite beautiful. As a result the gloomy, grey and ugly design of graveyards transformed into a vibrant and welcoming atmosphere. Père Lachaise Cemetery in France was the first cemetery to take on a more attractive style. The aim was to make both the dead and the living feel at home. Photo courtesy of pgoh13.com pgoh13.com

Contributed by Taylor Jackson

During the Renaissance, new ways of viewing nature and the environment combated the old, rational Enlightenment views. Instead of viewing nature as inferior, teleological entity, nature was instead seen as a spiritual being. To become one with nature was the ultimate spiritual experience.

Contributed by Taylor Jackson

There were two differing Renaissances: the Italian and the Northern Renaissance In the Northern Renaissance the major artists included Albrecht Durer and Pieter Bruegel the Elder In the Italian Renaissance the major artists included Donatello, Michaelangelo, Raphael, da Vinci, and Caravaggio

Contributed by Jeana Logue

Michelangelo Buonorotti was named the greatest sculptor of the Renaissance. Up until the day of his death (age 89) he continued to sculpt. His best known work would be his David, made of carrara marble and standing at over 20 feet tall, residing in the Galleria dell'Academia in Florence, Italy. Originally the marble was bought by a previous owner, given to an artist, who realized there was a large crack through the marble and refused to work with it. His sculpture of David was made from this marble, perfectly balanced with the crack inside and weighing over 10 tons, and was placed in the Loggia dei Lanzi, but was then moved to the Academia after it started experiencing some noticeable wear. Michelangelo, being at the age of 26 when David was completed, was considered a master of the art of sculpture. The picture attached, his Pieta, finished at age 24, was the first and only sculpture by Michelangelo that he ever signed. After it was displayed, he had eavesdropped on someone saying that it was not completed by Michelangelo, but by another artist entirely. Thus in the night, Michelangelo snook in and carved his name across the sash across Mary's chest to ensure that no one would mistake it for being another artists' creation again. This piece is the only piece signed by the artist as to his massive fear or pride. Additionally to Michelangelo's biggest accomplishments, we have the Sistine Chapel ceiling. The Pieta is now in it's own cupped of chapel in St Peter's Basilica in Rome. As not being a painter, Michelangelo forced upon himself to learned the difficult process of painting a buon fresco across the entire ceiling of the church. From the progression of the story of Noah and the Ark to his final piece on the ceiling, Michelangelo grew as a painter as well as a sculptor. Throughout the ceiling itself, there are stories from the bible (the most prominent and recognizable piece being the Creation of Adam) are cast across the main part of the ceiling. In the smaller crevices (such as the pendentives and curvatures) there are depictions of prophets and sibyls that predicted the oncoming future. Along with Michelangelo's frescoes inside the Sistine Chapel, he also painted the altar wall with his grand piece of The Last Judgement. As a whole, Michelangelo was a genius in his study-to-application process of learning how to do an art form and not stopping until his masterpiece was complete.

Contributed by Daní Líps

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