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Peter the Great

Peter the Great (Russian: Пётр Вели́кий, tr. Pyotr Velikiy, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj]), Peter I (Russian: Пётр I, tr. Pyotr I, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj]) or Peter Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич; IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvʲɪtɕ];  – ) ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V. Through a number of successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, westernized, and based on The Enlightenment. Peter's reforms made a lasting impact on Russia and many institutions of Russian government trace their origins to his reign.

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Peter the Great took control of Russia in 1689. Three accomplishments of his include: 1) He became an autocratic absolute monarch so Russia could be persuaded to adopt the policy of westernization 2) He improved education by simplifying the Russian alphabet and set up academies for mathematics, science and engineering. 3) He rebuilt the Russian army along western guidelines in an attempt to defeat Sweden. His new army had defeated the Swedish force and won land along the Baltic Sea.

Contributed by Christina A. Zito

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