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This is Picasso's first proto-cubist painting known as the young ladies of Avignon. A few of his main influences were ancient Iberian statues (Spanish primitive art) and African tribal masks. The size, format, composition, and design were influenced by an old master's painting called The Opening of the Fifth Seal painted by El Greco, which Picasso studied while working on the young ladies of Avignon. Picasso was impacted by Henri Matisse's painting le bonheur de vivre because of the theme.
Contributed by Maurice Jordan Jr