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Opium production in Afghanistan

Opium production in Afghanistan has been on the rise since U.S. occupation started in 2001. Afghanistan's opium poppy production goes into more than 90% of heroin worldwide. Afghanistan has been the world's greatest illicit opium producer, ahead of Burma (Myanmar), the "Golden Triangle", and Latin America since 1992, excluding the year 2001. Afghanistan is the main producer of opium in the "Golden Crescent". Based on UNODC data, opium poppy cultivation was more in each of the growing seasons in the periods between 2004 and 2007 than in any one year during Taliban rule. More land is now used for opium in Afghanistan than is used for coca cultivation in Latin America. In 2007, 93% of the non-pharmaceutical-grade opiates on the world market originated in Afghanistan. This amounts to an export value of about $4 billion, with a quarter being earned by opium farmers and the rest going to district officials, insurgents, warlords, and drug traffickers. In the seven years (1994–2000) prior to a Taliban opium ban, the Afghan farmers' share of gross income from opium was divided among 200,000 families. In addition to opiates, Afghanistan is also the largest producer of cannabis (mostly as hashish) in the world. In 2004, a fatwa was issued by Muslim clerics claiming that opium production is contrary to the sharia law and that opium producers would face punishments in accordance with the sharia. As of 2017, opium production provides about 400,000 jobs in Afghanistan, more than the Afghan National Security Forces.

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Imagine yourself sitting in a dental office with your mouth open and a dentist is drilling away stretching your mouth apart as if it had the same elasticity of gum. If the dental work was serious we leave with a swelled up face and you are handed a prescription of codeine.Or if others have never had dental work or a serious injury depending on its kind but we would typically understand pain and associate morphine with dental work; we use morphine to relieve our pain. If most of us deal with a lot of pain we are typically prescribed a certain dosage of morphine. Morphine (natural isomer of Codeine) in the United States is our action to get rid of a short-term pain in which we take it as needed. Morphine is affordable and effective to control pain for Cancer and AIDS in African countries. Based on the Ugandan Morphine Access Program that the NGO Hospice Africa Uganda has implemented I purpose the idea that this is a program could use the important strategies in this program towards other African Countries in order to attain enough morphine for those suffering chronic pain. We all deal with pain keep those separate from the Pain people may deal with and focus on the causes of the causes of their sicknesses (determinants of the pain). And it boils down to the point of lacking essential medicines. Goldberg and McGee (2011) “20% of adults suffer from pain globally and 10% are newly diagnosed with chronic pain each year” which could be prevented if the necessary global attention is given. • Acute Pain is what we feel (the sudden onset of pain) Chronic Pain is defined as the pain cancer or AID patients live with in African countries on a day to day basis. In the article Poppies for peace, UN figures do not show that there is a global shortage for opium-based painkillers like morphine. There is a demand from developing countries that is not taken in account to the UN’s calculations. (“Projected demand calculations that are limited to the highly protected market of painkillers.”) We Witness the terrible suffering still going on in Africa from cancer, AIDS and other diseases. Pain Control is Still in Need. It is our goal to make it reach all who are in need in Africa to put an end to silent suffering.

Contributed by Faiza Khan

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