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Nineteen Eighty-Four

Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell. The novel is set in Airstrip One, formerly Great Britain, a province of the superstate Oceania, whose residents are victims of perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance and public manipulation. Oceania's political ideology, euphemistically named English Socialism (shortened to "Ingsoc" in Newspeak, the government's invented language that will replace English or Oldspeak) is enforced by the privileged, elite Inner Party. Via the "Thought Police", the Inner Party persecutes individualism and independent thinking, which are regarded as "thoughtcrimes".

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If you're a fan of 1984, you'll probably love this game. It's all about creating a newspaper under the control of an authoritarian government. There is a continual threat about what the government will do to your family. Pick a side, government lackey or rebel.

Contributed by Katlyn Powers

Sales of 1984 often increase during the summer due to assigned summer readings and people finally adding it to their summer must-read lists. However, because the topic and concept of "big brother" is evergreen, 1984 remains a relevant novel to this day. Whenever a topic becomes salient in our lives, we tend to gravitate toward media discussing that topic. So as the media continues to discuss national surveillance, the country has looked to read more about the topic--particularly through Orwell's 1984. This article talks about the insane sales increase and the move of the book from an Amazon ranking of 13,074 at the beginning of the week to 200 just two days later. Amazing.

Contributed by Sammo Lea

1984’s Julia and Siegmund Freud’s theory of psico-sexual dynamics One of the major themes in 1984 is sexual repression. As demonstrated in the novel, sex was portrayed as an activity purely accomplished for procreation. Passion, sensuality, and intimacy were not the topics that were fully developed in the nation of Oceania and organizations such as the junior anti-sex league were dedicated to spreading false propaganda in regards to sex. Julia, one of the novel’s main characters, is a prime example of the lack of sexual development and libido, based on Sigmund Freud’s Theory of personality development. Julia, along with Winston, is a major opponent of the Party. However, whereas Winston’s rebellion stems from outrage and a need for deeper social revolution, Julia’s rebellion against the party is far more personal and, to an extent, petty. During the novel, Julia confesses her various sexual liaisons with numerous party members and her disgust with current portrayal of chastity and sexual activity, referring to how restraining and monotonous they are. After meeting Winston, Julia proclaims: “I hate purity, I hate goodness! I don’t want any virtue to exist anymore. I want everyone to be corrupt to the bones”. However, her subconscious sexual development (in great part due to the nature of Oceania’s society), is currently trapped in Sigmund Freud’s Phallic stage. During the Phallic stage, children from ages 3-6 years develop a strong connection with their parent of the opposite sex, at times competing with the other parent for attention. According to Freud, when individuals do not progress from this stage, they become promiscuous and have a difficult time establishing meaningful relationships. Although neither Julia’s childhood nor filial connections are revealed, her promiscuous behavior and her immature use of sex as a personal social rebellion would seem to indicate that her sexual development did not progress from the phallic stage. While her confidence in embracing her sexuality is a major contrast to the majority of Oceania’s citizens and serve as an important social criticism in regards to sex-education and sexual abstinence, her general demeanor in regards to both topics requires further development and substance. George Orwell’s characterization of her, serve as a fascinating study in both societal portrayals of sex and the consequences of major distortion of the topics.

Contributed by Gabriela Malespin

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