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Montgomery bus boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. It was a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement. The campaign lasted from December 5, 1955—the Monday after Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person—to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws that segregated buses were unconstitutional. Many important figures in the Civil Rights Movement took part in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and Ralph Abernathy.

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On December 20, 1956, The U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery, Alabama to integrate its bus system.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

They weren’t even safe from the law. When the protesters carpooled, the police would pull them over and say it was against the law to drive an unauthorized taxi. But the protesters stayed strong and resilient. No matter what the white people did to discourage their efforts, the African American protesters still protested against the Montgomery bus system.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

The white people didn’t like the protest though, and tried to stop their efforts many times. They tried to break the African American protesters by humiliating and trying to start fights with them. The K.K.K. would raid through the black neighborhoods and yell and humiliate the black community in an attempt to get them to stop their protest. So the African Americans would sit on white people’s porches and sang and clapped together.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

Every week the black community would meet at the First Baptist Church and have a meeting about the protest

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

The African Americans of Montgomery, Alabama simply stopped using the bus system to show that they weren't going to be treated unfairly, by the community, government and bus system.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

The protesters didn’t use violence to protest the bus segregation; they used non-violent protest to get their point across.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

The bus system came to realize that the majority of the bus riding population in Montgomery was African Americans. Therefore, most of the income was coming from the African American bus riders.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

The protest challenged the policy of bus segregation, and it really hurt the bus systems.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

It is regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. Although the issue of segregation on the busses had been going on for years, before the Montgomery Bus Boycott even began, there was one specific event that was the trigger to start the movement.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was when the African Americans of Montgomery, Alabama decided to stop riding the busses until they were allowed to sit anywhere they wanted to on the busses, without being forced to move to the back of the bus anytime a white person wanted their seat.

Contributed by Akiel Hunte

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