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The Mettur Dam is one of the largest dams in India and the largest in Tamilnadu with a 93 tmcft capacity which is far higher than sum of capacities of all other major reservoirs put together within the state. Built in 1934, Also known as Stanley Reservoir, it is constructed across the Cauvery, the longest and the lifeline river of Tamilnadu where it enters the plains.It was constructed in 1934 and took nine years to complete. Maximum height and width of the Dam are 214 and 171 feet respectively. Maximum storage height is 120 feet. Mettur Dam receives inflows from its own catchment area, Kabini Dam and Krishna Raja Sagara Dams located in Karnataka. There are two hydroelectric power stations in Mettur Dam, the first constructed during British rule and the second during the Indian Republic. There is a park at the base of the dam called Ellis Park maintained by the Tamil Nadu Public Works Department. It provides irrigation facilities to parts of Salem, the length of Erode, Namakkal, Karur and the delta districts of Tiruchirappali, Thanjavur,Thiruvarur, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Cuddalore, Pudukottai and Nagapattinam districts 271000 acre of farmland. It is also provides drinking water for many other districts.
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