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Louis XIV (the 14th) had firmly believed in divine right. This meant that he believed the only person fit to rule was the one who inherited the throne through bloodline. Over-confident, he had ruled over France, starting in 1661. 1) He strengthened the state by following the policies of Richelieu. He did this by expanding the bureaucracy and appointing intendents who were royal officials that collected taxes, recruited soldiers and carried out his policies in the provinces. 2) He had created the most strengthened army in Europe. This was done by having the state pay, feed, train and supply 300,000 soldiers. 3) His appointed finance minister, Jean Baptiste Colbert, created policies that made France the wealthiest state of Europe. This included clearing new lands for farming, encouraging mining and other basic industries, and building up luxury trades. Colbert had put high tariffs on imported goods to protect French manufacturers. He also encouraged overseas colonies.
Contributed by Christina A. Zito