Visual Encyclopedia

List of Greek mythological creatures

A host of legendary creatures, animals and mythic humanoids occur in ancient Greek mythology.

Mythological creatures
  • Aeternae, creatures which killed with bony, saw-toothed protuberances sprouting from their heads.
  • Asterius or Aster, a giant.
  • Athos, a giant.
  • Alcyoneus, a giant.
  • Almops, a giant, son of the god Poseidon and the half-nymph Helle.
  • Aloadae, strong and aggressive giants.
    • Ephialtes
    • Otus (or Otos, as well as Otis)
  • Amphisbaena, a serpent with a head at each end.
  • Antaeus, half-giant son of Poseidon and Gaia. Killed by Heracles.
  • Arachne, half-spider half-female, the mother of all spiders. She was transformed into this state by Athena, after losing a weaving contest after she boastfully said she was the best.
  • Arae, female daemons of curses, particularly of the curses placed by the dead upon those guilty of their death, called forth from the underworld.
  • Argus or Argus Panoptes, a hundred-eyed giant.
  • Azeus, a giant.
  • Catoblepas, buffalo-like creature with shaggy fur, large horns and a heavy head whose toxic breath or gaze could kill.
  • Centaur and Centauride, creature with a head and torso of a human and the body of a horse.
  • Cerastes, spineless serpents with a set of ram-like horns on their heads.
  • Cetus or Ceto, sea monsters.
  • Ceuthonymus, daemon of the underworld. Father of Menoetius.
  • Charon, the ferryman of Hades.
  • Charybdis, a sea monster whose inhalations formed a deadly whirlpool or a huge water mouth.
  • Chimera, a fire-breathing three-headed monster with one head of a lion, one of a snake, and another of a goat, lion claws in front and goat legs behind, and a long snake tail.
  • Chthonius, a giant.
  • Crocotta or Cynolycus, creature with the body of a stag, a lion's neck, cloven hooves, and a wide mouth with a sharp, bony ridge in place of teeth. It imitates the human voice, calls men by name at night, and devours those who approach it. It is as brave as a lion, as swift as a horse, and as strong as a bull. It cannot be overcome by any weapon of steel.
  • Cyclops (plural Cyclopes), a race of one-eyed giants.
  • Daemons
  • Daemones Ceramici, five malevolent spirits who plagued the craftsman potter
    • Syntribos
    • Smaragos
    • Asbetos
    • Sabaktes
    • Omodamos
  • Diomedes of Thrace, was a giant, the son of Ares and Cyrene
  • Dryad, tree spirits that look similar to women.
  • Echion, a giant.
  • Eidolon, spirit-image of a living or dead person; a shade or phantom look-alike of the human form.
  • Empusa, a beautiful demigodess, with flaming hair and with one brass leg and the other one a donkey leg, who preyed on human blood and flesh.
  • Eurynomos, the netherworld daemon of rotting corpses dwelling in the Underworld.
  • Eurytus, a giant.
  • Enceladus or Enkelados, a giant who battled Athena in the war against the gods.
  • Erinyes (Furies), the goddesses of vengeance, who were the offspring of Gaia born from the blood shed when Cronus castrated his father Uranus. Their number is usually left indeterminate, though Virgil mentions that they were three:
  • Ghosts, Shades, Spirits.
  • Gegenees, six-armed giants which were slain by the Argonauts.
  • Geryon, a giant: according to Hesiod, Geryon had one body and three heads, whereas the tradition followed by Aeschylus gave him three bodies. A lost description by Stesichorus said that he has six hands and six feet and is winged; there are some mid-sixth-century Chalcidian vases portraying Geryon as winged. Some accounts state that he had six legs as well, while others state that the three bodies were joined to one pair of legs.
  • Gigantes, were a race of great strength and aggression. Archaic and Classical representations show Gigantes as human in form. Later representations show Gigantes with snakes for legs.
  • Gorgons, female monsters depicted as having snakes on their head instead of hair, and sometimes described as having tusks, wings and brazen claws.
    • Medusa, whose gaze could turn anyone to stone.
    • Stheno, most murderous of the sisters.
    • Euryale, whose scream could kill.
  • Graeae, three old women with one tooth and one eye among them.
    • Deino
    • Enyo
    • Pemphredo
  • Griffin or Gryphon or Gryps or Grypes, a creature that combines the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle.
  • Hecatonchires, three giants of incredible strength and ferocity, each with a hundred arms; also called Centimanes.
    • Briareos or Aegaeon
    • Cottus
    • Gyges
  • Harpies, creature with torso, head and arms of a woman, and talons, tail and wings (mixed with the arms) of a bird.
  • Hippalectryon, a creature with the fore-parts of a rooster and the body of a horse.
  • Hippocampus, a creature with the upper body of a horse and the lower body of a fish.
  • Hippogriff, a creature with the front part of an eagle and hind legs and tail of a horse, symbols of Apollo.
  • Hydras
    • Lernaean Hydra, also known as King Hydra, a many-headed, serpent-like creature that guarded an Underworld entrance beneath Lake Lerna. It was destroyed by Heracles, in his second Labour. Son of Typhon and Echidna.
  • Ichthyocentaurs, a pair of marine centaurs with the upper bodies of men, the lower fronts of horses, and the tails of fish.
    • Aphros
    • Bythos
  • Ipotane, a race of half-horse, half-humans. The Ipotanes are considered the original version of the Centaurs.
  • Keres, spirit of violent or cruel death.
    • Achlys, who may have been numbered amongst the Keres. She was represented on the shield of Heracles.
  • Kobaloi, a sprite from Greek mythology, a mischievous creature fond of tricking and frightening mortals.
  • Laestrygonians or Laestrygones, a tribe of giant cannibals.
  • Lion-Headed Giants
    • Leon or Lion, killed by Herakles in the war against the gods.
  • Manticore or Androphagos, having the body of a red lion and a human head with three rows of sharp teeth.
  • Merpeople, humans with fish tail after torso (Mermaid as female, Merman as male). They lure adventurers to drown them.
  • Minotaur, a monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man; slain by Theseus.
  • Mimas, a giant.
  • Multi-headed Dogs
    • Cerberus (Hellhound), the three-headed giant hound that guarded the gates of the Underworld.
    • Orthrus, a two-headed dog, brother of Cerberus, slain by Heracles.
  • Odontotyrannos, a beast with black, horse-like head, with three horns protruding from its forehead, and exceeded the size of an elephant.
  • Onocentaur, part human, part donkey. It had the head and torso of a human with the body of a donkey.
  • Ophiotaurus (Bull-Serpent), a creature part bull and part serpent.
  • Orion, giant huntsman whom Zeus placed among the stars as the constellation of Orion.
  • Ouroboros, an immortal self-eating, circular being. The being is a serpent or a dragon curled into a circle or hoop, biting its own tail.
  • Pallas, a giant.
  • Panes, a tribe of nature-spirits which had the heads and torsos of men, the legs and tails of goats, goatish faces and goat-horns.
  • Periboea, a Giantess. Daughter of the king of the giants.
  • Philinnion, unwed maiden who died prematurely and returned from the tomb as the living dead to consort with a handsome youth named Makhates. When her mother discovered the girl she collapsed back into death and was burned by the terrified townsfolk beyond the town boundaries.
  • Phoenix, a golden-red fire bird of which only one could live at a time, but would burst into flames to rebirth from ashes as a new phoenix.
  • Polybotes, a giant.
  • Porphyrion, a giant, king of the giants.
  • Satyrs and Satyresses, creatures with human upper bodies, and the horns and hindquarters of a goat. Some were companions of Pan and Dionysus.
  • Scylla, once a nereid, transformed by Circe into a many-headed, tentacled monster who fed on passing sailors in the straits between herself and Charybdis.
  • Scythian Dracanae, upper body of a woman, lower body composed of two snake tails.
  • Sirens, bird-like women whose irresistible song lured sailors to their deaths.
  • Skolopendra, giant sea monster said to be the size of a Greek trireme. It has a crayfish-like tail, numerous legs along its body which it uses like oars to move and extremely long hairs that protrude from its nostrils. Child of Phorcys and Keto.
  • Sorceresses
  • Spartae, a malevolent spirit born from violence. Argo crew member Jason fought alongside these creatures after discovering the dragon teeth could create these violent spirits. Spartae are normally depicted as a skeletal being with some form of a weapon and military attire.
  • Sphinx, has the haunches of a lion, the wings of a great bird, and the face of a woman.
  • Stymphalian Birds, man-eating birds with beaks of bronze and sharp metallic feathers they could launch at their victims.
  • Taraxippi, ghosts that frightened horses.
  • Thoon, a giant.
  • Three-Bodied or Triple-Bodied Daemon, a winged monster with three human bodies ending in serpent-tails.
  • Tityos, a giant.
  • Triton, son of Poseidon and Amphitrite, half-man and half-fish.
  • Typhon or Typhoeus, an extremely savage and terrifying monster with snake-coils instead of limbs; father of several other monsters with his mate Echidna.
  • Unicorns or Monocerata, creatures as large as horses, or even larger with a large, pointed, spiraling horn projecting from their forehead.
  • Vampire Daemons/ Lamiai
    • Corinthian Lamia, a vampiric demo who seduced the handsome youth Menippos in the guise of a beautiful woman to consume his flesh and blood.
    • Empousa, seductive female vampire demons with fiery hair, a leg of bronze and a donkey's foot. They are especially good at ensnaring men with their beauty before devouring them.
    • Lamia, a vampiric demon who by voluptuous artifices attracted young men, in order to enjoy their fresh, youthful, and pure flesh and blood.
    • Mormo or Mormolyceae or Mormolyce, a vampiric creature which preyed on children.
    • Mormolykeia, female underworld Daemons, attendants of the goddess Hecate.
  • Werewolf or Lycanthrope.
    • Agriopas, he tasted the viscera of a human child, and was turned into a wolf for ten years.
    • Damarchus, a boxer from Parrhasia (Arcadia) who is said to have changed his shape into that of a wolf at the festival of Lykaia, he became a man again after ten years.
    • Lycaon, turned into a wolf by the gods as punishment for serving them his murdered son Nyctimus' flesh at a feast.
  • Winged Horses or Pterippi, winged pure white horses.
    • Pegasus, a divine winged stallion that is pure white, son of Medusa and Poseidon, brother of Chrysaor and father of winged horses.

The description above is licensed from Wikipedia under the Creative Commons license.

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so this is the only place where i have found detailed and amazing information on this topic. to call me a greeek myth fanatic is an understatement. i believe in it mostly because when i look around sometimes i still see some people possess the superpowers or supernatural powers as some people would call them. Now i know what you are thinking this girl is craaay but no i mean in the humane sense. apart from the beheading of those who were found to stray from the policies of their world, the Greek gods were the most humane society one would ever come across. therefore i believe majority of us carry those characteristics without the powers of zapping and blah blah. modern power, of teaching, inspiration, healing, kindness, joy and many other gifts and "supernatural powers"

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