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It mentions two of the five bureaucratic pathologies, waste and red tape. There are many indirect references to red tape. Red tape consists of the complicated rules and procedures that must be dutifully followed in order to finish a task. These vexing rules and procedures are necessary because the government needs a way to ensure that one part of the organization does not operate out of line into another part’s work. However, as seen in the article, the red tape has cost the government, therefore the taxpayers, an extreme amount of money. Waste is described as spending more that is necessary to purchase a product or a service. Unlike business, there is only a weak incentive to keep the costs down. When a government official finds a more cost effective way to accomplish something, the person receives no award themselves and the agency, immigration, cannot keep the money that would have been left over since it would go back to the treasury. Relating back to the article, it mentions that Congress is completely focused on immigration reform without an emphasis on the waste of the bureaucracy. There is no desire to make the immigration paperwork more efficient as the person who originates the idea will not receive personal credit. Red tape and waste seem to be directly proportional to each other. As the amount of red tape increases, the costs of processing increase exponentially leading to an increase in waste. However, both waste and red tape are somewhat necessary to keep a balance of power, slowing down any quick and drastic changes. This relates to the discussion in class about the Founders wanting to slow down the process to prevent any persuader to make sweeping, quick changes.
Contributed by Jen Lee