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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά [eliniˈka], elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa] ( listen), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries (3,400 years) of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic and many other writing systems.

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This form of Greek variations pertains to the works of the early church fathers. It is a blend of Classical Greek style and Koine Greek. The period of time that Patristic Greek is used ranges from the end of the Apostolic Age, around C.E. 100, to the time of the Second Council of Nicaea in the 8th century. Works that would be included come from a range of places. The Apostolic Fathers being the beginning of Patristic Greek include, Ignatius' seven letters, First and Second Clement, Shepherd of Hermas, the Letter to Barnabas, the Letter to Diognetus, Fragments of Papias, and so on. Early church fathers like Tertullian, Origen, Athanasius who wrote the Life of Anthony, and even St. Augustine, also wrote in Patristic Greek. Patristic Greek is the written language that became popular when authors became more learned, and began going back to the classical structure. They still used Koine elements, which was what was commonly spoke, but formalized it by adding classical structure.

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