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Generally solitary hunters, foxes are highly intelligent and creative when hunting, and as a result they are often used in metaphors/similes to show wit in English literature. In many mythologies, foxes appear as intelligent and often mischievous creatures, very notable in east Asian mythologies where they are characterized as evil (The Chinese huli jing, Korean gumiho, and Japanese kyubi-no-kitsune are all popular examples). Interestingly, earlier Japanese fox myths seem to portray the fox as a benevolent spirit and messenger, and it is theorized that the introduction of Korean myth into Japanese culture caused the shift in the portrayal of the kitsune.
Contributed by Nico Wolfgang Hukriede