Visual Encyclopedia

Fencing

Fencing is a sport in which two competitors fight using 'rapier-style' swords, called the foil, the épée, and the sabre; winning points are made through the contact with an opponent. Fencing was one of the first sports to be played in the Olympics. Based on the traditional skills of swordsmanship, the modern sport arose at the end of the 19th century, with the Italian school having modified the historical European martial art of classical fencing, and the French school later refining the Italian system. There are three forms of modern fencing, each uses a different kind of weapon and has different rules, this way the sport itself is divided into three competitive scenes: foil, épée, and sabre. Most competitive fencers choose to specialize in one weapon only.

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The "Appel" is a move in fencing intended to distract or intimidate one's opponent into breaking his/her guard or otherwise lose right of way. To execute an Appel, a fencer stomps his/her leading foot on the ground with the intent of creating a loud noise. This move may be combined with other maneuvers to create certain affects and manipulate an opponent in different ways. For example, a fencer wanting to gain some ground on his opponent could Appel and then extend in order to force the opponent's retreat.

Contributed by Ethan Wulff

For any male wanting to join a fencing group cor club you need to be aware of one thing. When you fence a short person in Epee know that if there were to aim straight ahead they would hit a bit below the waist line on you. Its not that we short people want to hit right there it is just that its the easiest target at our height level. So when fencing a short person in epee guard your, well you get it.

Contributed by Kacey O'Donnell

The Foil is often referred to and used as the beginner's sword. Of the three weapons it has the smallest target area (only the front of the opponents torso), making technique more important while also keeping the rules simple.

Contributed by James Carey

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