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1 box Betty Crocker™ SuperMoist™ yellow cake mix Water, vegetable oil and eggs called for on cake mix box 1 cup assorted mini candy-coated chocolate candies, jimmies or confetti candy sprinkles 1 container Betty Crocker™ Rich & Creamy frosting (any flavor) Green food color Green colored decorating sugar 24 yellow PEEPS® brand marshmallow chicks
Contributed by Violetta Gir
Source: proud-atheist.tumblr.com These sorts of posters (whether they be aimed at Pascha or Nativity) are typically based in Reformation propaganda against the Vatican. The picture is of the Burney Relief, also known as the Queen of the Night relief, which could be either Ereshkigal, Inanna/Ishtar, or Lilitu. -adamthenorman The following break down was provided by a riveting convo on Tumblr. theladysabryn.tumblr.com lent her knowledge, and I must say, its rather informative and interesting! There are some visual similarities in the symbols used by Christians and ancient polytheists. As G.K. Chesterton points out: “We are all revenants; all living Christians are dead pagans walking about”. where did the name “Easter” come from? I’ll give you a hint: it’s of a pre-Christian (or pagan, if you like) origin. The person who made this poster, however, got the wrong form of paganism. The word we’re looking for here is Ēostre (or Ēastre), which is the name of the Anglo-Saxon goddess of the dawn (the former being a Northumbrian variant, and the latter being a West Saxon variant). The theory is that her name is derived from the Proto-Germanic “austro”, which derives from the Proto-Indo-European root of “-*awes”, which would account for other dawn goddesses with similar names, such as the Greek Eos, the Roman Aurora, and the Indian Ushas. But there’s even some dispute about the “pagan” connotations of Easter with the goddess Eostre. Saint Bede, an English monk from the 7th century, writes that the Old-English month corresponding with April was called Eostur-monath, which was a month in which festivals of the goddess Eostre were celebrated. The German philologist and mytholigist Jacob Grimm (of the Brothers Grimm) reconstructed the word Ostara, a proposed cognate of Eostre amoung the continental Germanic peoples. Since then, linguists have identified this *Hausos, the personification of the dawn in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion. Some scholars, however, hold that Eosturmonath meant nothing more than “the month of opening” and that Bede was mistaken in connecting it with a goddess. In fact, some have speculated that “Easter” rose from the old Latin designation of the Easter Week as “in albis” (with albis being the plural of alba- “dawn”), which translated into Old High German is “eostarun”. Eggs have been traditionally used as fertility symbols, going back to decorated ostrich eggs from Africa 60,000 years ago, up to Sumerian and Egyptian egg decorations placed in graves 5,00 years ago, and plenty more. Eggs represent more than just fertility though: they represent rebirth. Early Christians in Mesopotamia began a custom of staining eggs red in memory of the blood of Christ, shed during the crucifixion. This tradition became accepted in the West, as the Catholic Church came to view Easter eggs as a symbol of the resurrection. In 1610, Pope Paul V proclaimed in a prayer: ”Bless, O Lord! we beseech thee, this thy creature of eggs, that it may become a wholesome sustenance to thy faithful servants, eating it in thankfulness to thee on account of the resurrection of the Lord.” Rabbits, as with eggs, have been considered a fertility symbol. They are also a symbol of playful sexuality (think of the phrase “breed like bunnies”). And fertility symbols, as with eggs, can also be tied into symbols of rebirth. Rabbits, given their species role as a prey animal, they are also associated with innocence, which ties them into Easter. In antiquity, the hare was thought to be a hermaphrodite (and this theory was written about by Pliny, Plutarch, Claudius Aelianus, and others). This idea, that it could reproduce without losing its virginity, fascinated early Christians, who began to associate the hare with the Virgin Mary. This is why you see hares in illuminated manuscripts and paintings of the Virgin Mary and the Christ Child in Northern Europe. Hares are also present in the “three hares” motif found in churches in northwestern Europe, which represent the Holy Trinity (“the three in one, the one in three”).
Contributed by Atrice Alexis