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Diabetes mellitus type 1

Diabetes mellitus type 1 (also known as type 1 diabetes) is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced. This results in high blood sugar levels in the body. The classical symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, and weight loss. Additional symptoms may include blurry vision, feeling tired, and poor healing. Symptoms typically develop over a short period of time.

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I feel this is a great overview on what diabetes truly in-details. From: www.lchdhealthcare.org

Contributed by Briana Eigner

"Diabetes mellitus is characterized by recurrent or persistent hyperglycemia, and is diagnosed by demonstrating any one of the following: Fasting plasma glucose level at or above 7.0 mmol/L (126 mg/dL). Plasma glucose at or above 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) two hours after a 75 g oral glucose load as in a glucose tolerance test. Symptoms of hyperglycemia and casual plasma glucose at or above 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL). Glycated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1C) at or above 6.5. (This criterion was recommended by the American Diabetes Association in 2010, although it has yet to be adopted by the WHO.)" The BG used for diagnosing type 1 diabetes is NOT 126 mg/dl when fasting, that is a normal BG! The actual number is closer to 150 if not higher, as a normal non-diabetic would have a blood sugar as high as 150, but not higher. Most are not diagnosed until they are brought into the hospital, or if they have a family member with it they may test for the antibodies. "Given the above research findings, drivers with type 1 diabetes and a history of driving mishaps are recommended to never drive when their BG is less than 80 mg/dl. Instead, these drivers are advised to treat hypoglycemia and delay driving until their BG is above 90 mg/dl. Such drivers should also learn as much as possible about what causes their hypoglycemia, and use this information to avoid future hypoglycemia while driving." The above quote is incorrect. BG lower than 100 is what is often told as the "not to drive range" and there is also a "high" do not drive range, often 150 mg/dl or more. BOTH VARY DEPENDING ON THE DIABETIC AND WHAT THEIR ENDOCRYNOLOGYST DETERMINE AS A SAFE RANGE FOR THAT DIABETIC!

Contributed by Teresa Louderback

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