is the process of teaching a pet to accept a dog crate
as a familiar and safe location. Advocates claim that dog
s are den
-dwelling animals and that a crate can become a den substitute. While this is a widely held belief, there is little evidence to support it. Regardless, most puppies can learn to tolerate crate training if it is introduced properly. The initial stress from being confined can give way to "increased feelings of security, safety, and comfort" after repeated exposure to the crate. Long term or excessive crate confinement "may lead to emotional and behavioral deterioration over time." On the other hand, if properly done, crate training can play a major role in housebreaking a dog as fast as possible. Ordinarily, it is seen as a way of confining a dog and restricting its movement and freedom. However crate training can help dogs gain full bowel and bladder control while enjoying treats and comfort. If crate training isn’t taken seriously, the dog may start soiling around the house.