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1. Retribution: A punishment implemented because it is believed to be deserved. The saying "an eye for an eye" is often used to describe retribution. 2. Deterrence: There are two kinds. General deterrence is aimed at deterring the general public from ever committing crime and specific deterrence is aimed at deterring individuals who have already broken the law. 3. Incapacitation: Incapacitation is to deprive offenders of the ability to offend. This does not always include incarceration. 4. Restitution: Restitution is repairing the harm to the victim or society. Ex. Cleaning up graffiti or paying back money. 5. Rehabilitation: The goal of rehabilitation is to transform the individual to a law abiding citizen through some sort of program. Ex. Drug treatment programs, job training, etc.
Contributed by Alexandra Breed