Visual Encyclopedia


Cinematography (also called Direction of Photography) is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.

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Depth of Field

This picture perfectly illustrates what Depth of Field is in cinematography. The depth of field indicates what's in focus in the frame. Depending on the F-Stop, shutter, and the lens being used, the depth of field can be greater or smaller. If you have a shallow depth of field,there's a very small amount that's in focus. Whatever is outside that focus distance is blurry. You see this a lot in TV and movies. When we have a closer shot of a character, often the background is out of focus so the eye isn't distracted. A blurry background can also seem dreamy or romantic depending on the scene.

Contributed by Bridget LaMonica

The focus puller on a film set is the guy or gal who makes sure the picture is in focus at all times. Sounds easy, right? Well on certain lenses, a small movement for the actors can actually equal quite a difference in what is in focus. On some shots, the camera team can measure the distance from the camera to the actor and set the focus that way, but when there's movement in the action, the focus puller must be very good at judging distances by eye to keep up. It all relates to Depth of Field, which I'll cover in another post. A professional focus puller has now developed a game in which to test his skills. It's called Camera Cart, and is in development to be a game that everyone can play.

Contributed by Bridget LaMonica

This is a great website with lessons on lighting, with easy to follow instructions and some creative ways to do great lighting cheap (or easy).

Contributed by Bridget LaMonica

Be inspired :)

Contributed by Æileen Wolf

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