Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats
or "tea-cake" are produced in different variations around the world, with several countries claiming to have invented it or hailing it as their "national confection". Scottish chef Boyd Tunnock invented Tunnock's teacake
in 1956 when he developed the idea of using Italian meringue
, added it to a biscuit base, and covered it in milk chocolate. In Denmark the treat was originally made using cream (hence the Danish name flødeboller
(cream buns)), but the filling was later made from egg whites to help industrialize production and improve shelf life. Many languages used to call these treats by phrases or compounds using a counterpart to negro
(e.g. "negro's kiss", "negro bun"); most but not all of these are increasingly being avoided, especially in formal writing, in favour of replacements such as "choco-kiss".