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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome was originally an Italic settlement dating from the 8th century BC that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants (roughly 20% of the world's populationThere are several different estimates for the population of the Roman Empire.

  • Scheidel (2006, p. 2) estimates 60.
  • Goldsmith (1984, p. 263) estimates 55.
  • Beloch (1886, p. 507) estimates 54.
  • Maddison (2006, p. 51, 120) estimates 48.
  • Roman Empire Population estimates 65 (while mentioning several other estimates between 55 and 120).
  • McEvedy and Jones (1978).
  • an average of figures from different sources as listed at the US Census Bureau's Historical Estimates of World Population
  • Kremer, Michael (1993). "Population Growth and Technological Change: One Million B.C. to 1990" in The Quarterly Journal of Economics 108(3): 681–716.
) and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.

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The Roman Emperor Caligula would routinely sleep with the wives of the members of the Senate

Contributed by Nicholas Kapsimalis

"People in ancient Rome used to dilute their wine so that it consists of 2 part water and 1 part wine in order to kill the bacteria that was in the water." - Dan Foley (High School Latin Teacher)

Contributed by Kathy Guo


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Contributed by Travis Bent

The City was founded in 753 BCE (traditionally April 21st) by Romulus, who the city is named after. The city then went through a "Regal" period where it was under the control of 7 kings, until in 509 BCE the Republic of Rome was founded and from then until the Empire two elected consuls would rule for one year periods.

Contributed by Travis Bent

Scipio Africanus

Contributed by Jerome Morgan

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