1) Upgrade your Shiv as soon as you can. As you progress through the game you will need a better shiv to kill Clickers, open doors, and sometimes safes. Shivs are a very importnat piece in this game. So you always want to have one available. 2) Improve your weapons. When you imrpove your weapons, it is best to improve the clip size and reload speed. Clip size is very important especially with guns that only have one bullet capacity. They are the stronger weapon, but if clip size remains at one and you miss, you will regret not improving the clip size. Nothing else is honestly important to upgrade. Also, the hunting rifle is the best to upgrade as well. Add the scope and clip capacity. 3) Do not fight enimes head on. Runners, Clickers and Bloaters are sometimes alseep. Stay crouched and pass them slowly. If you wake them up by making too much noise or just fighting them head on, you are creating a bigger problem. 4) Stealthiness and running (when necessary) is your bestfriend. When you remain in crouch position you are least likely to be spotted by infected enemies and human enemies. You are almost invisible as you walk in crouch position slowly. Try it out when you play the game. Crouch and walk at a normal speed; you can hear your footsteps. This will cause the enemy to hear you. Now crouch and move slowly; you are now invisible. Running is best when an enemy sees you. The levels within the game are big. If you are spotted run in circles around the board. When you no longer hear the enemy crouch and hide. You are back to being invisible. However, that does not mean they are not looking for you. Which brings me to my next tip. 5)Upgrade listening distance. You want to upgrade this because it will help you map out where all enemies are, what type of enemy, and if they are alseep. When I played the game I only upgraded my listening distance once and that was good enough for me. However, if you want upgrade it more and it will give you a larger scale of the number of enemies around. 6) Improve your holsters. This is very important and perhaps should be one of the first things you do as well. Improving them provides you with the lesisure of switching weapons during combat quickly. When you do not improve holsters you have to go into your pack back to switch and that is terrible. This is espeically bad when engaging multiple enemies and running out of ammo in the mist of it all. Upgrade holsters before you upgrade your weapons! 7) Use bricks and bottles. There are more bricks and bottles lying around then ammo, so use them to your advantage to stun your enemy, if your are engaging in combat. You can save ammo like this as well. Use the brick to stun them, then engage in phsyical combat (only with runners or human enemies) or shoot. However, if you are being mobbed by numerous enemies use the brick and shoot others, so you have less attackers. Using the brick can help with shooting accuracy in a way and in turn helps you save ammo. Bricks and bottles can also be used as a distraction. If you throw a brick eniemes will run toward the area, where the sound was made. You can use this opportunity to throw a moltov to kill multiple eniemes, shiv at least one enemy, throw bombs, or use melee weapons. 8) Save your ammo. Do not waste your time always using your guns to shoot eneimes. Naughty Dog did a really good job in showing the reality of things when the world has gone mad. Ammo is scarce, like it naturally would be, so save it! Use your melee weapons, stealth and bricks to get around infected enemies and even human enemies if you can. You want to use your ammo when you have to engage bloaters. 9) Go everywhere! Leave no stone unturned ladies and gents. Explore the area. You will find doors, safes and access codes to safes. 10) Make sure you craft. Since ammo is scarce you want to craft as many smoke bombs, nail traps, and moltovs as you can. This helps when being attacked by multiple enemies. 11) Improve health! 12) Play the game on hard. Do not be intimidated, play this game on hard for the best experience. ****There is more I can give to help you throughout the game, however just jump in head on and you will learn more important things as you go.***
Posted in The Last of Us
Ivan Pavlov- (1849-1936) Pavlov is most famous for Classical Conditioning. He was studying salivary response in dogs. He made a small incision on the side of each dogs mouth and attached a tube where the saliva will divert from inside of the animals mouth. The saliva was went into a container where it was measured. His purpose to collect the saliva was to see how the dogs naturally respond to food in its mouth. However, he found that dogs salivated even even before food was presented. Drops of saliva occurred when the animals herd footsteps, dishes rattling, spotted their food, or when they saw the attendant that fed them. Out of this he developed classical conditioning. The term Classical conditioning means a type of learning through which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another. Pavlov used tones, buzzers, bells, lights, geometric shapes, electric shocks and metronomes during his conditioning experiments. During a typical experiment food powder was placed in the animal's mouth, causing salivation. Due to the fact that dogs do not need to learn to salivate to food, it is an unlearned response or what is known as Unconditioned Response(UR). Any stimulus that automatically causes an unconditioned response without prior learning is known as Unconditioned Stimulus (US). The Following are examples of unconditioned reflexes: Unconditioned Stimulus (US) Unconditioned Response(UR) 1. Food 1. Salivation 2. Loud Noise 2. Startle 3. Light in eye 3. Contraction Of pupil 4. Puff of air in eye 4. Eyeblink response Furthermore, Pavlov showed that the dogs can be conditioned to salivate to different stimuli's that were not associated with food. He began to pair a neutral stimulus prior to placing food powder into the dogs mouth. After pairing the neutral stimulus with the food for about 20 times or more,the tone alone would elicit salivation. Pavlov called the tone, a learned stimulus or Conditioned Stimulus(CS), and the salivation to the tone was the learned response or Conditioned Response(CR). Citation: Wood, S., Wood, E., & Boyd, D., (2006) Learning. Mastering the World Of Psychology. second edition.
Posted in Pavlov